Known medically as patellar tendonitis, jumpers knee is an inflammation of the patellar tendon. The patellar tendon connects the patella (kneecap) to the tibia, and can easily be injured by excessive use, for example frequent jumping on a hard surface.
The most common symptoms of jumper's knee include:
- Pain around the patellar tendon
- Localised swelling
- Pain when jumping, running, or walking
- Pain from bending or straightening the leg
- Tenderness behind the knee
Diagnosis of jumper's knee will be based on physical examination, a history of recent activity, and x-rays of a CT scan.
Treatment will depend on a number of factors, including:
- Medical history
- Extent of the injury
The first part of treatment is simple - stop any activity that causes pain! A typical treatment will include:
- Rest: This condition needs time to heal - avoid anything that causes pain
- Ice: Cold therapy can be used throughout the day
- Physiotherapy: Strengthening and increasing the flexibility
- Anti-Inflammatory Medications: Anti-inflammatory pain medications (NSAIDs) can reduce both pain and inflammation
Treated appropriately, this is a condition that can resolve fairly quickly.