An ancient form of beauty therapy mud treatments were (and can be) used for medical treatments. A form of pelotherapy, mud fango treatments were mentioned in the writing of Plinius in North Italy as far back as the first century.
Mud treatments involve using volcanic ash powder and essential oils such as pine needle. To make it into a pack, this dried thermal substance is mixed with magnesium oxide and talcum as well as paraffin. It is then dehydrated and applied at a very high temperature. There's no danger of burning however as the heat flows slowly and comfortably over an extended period of time.
A mud treatment can be applied to the entire body. Alternatively it can be used in a bath, hugely popular in spa Kur therapy centres all over Europe.
What are the benefits?
Excellent for skin exfoliation, this type of mud therapy is used to remove dead tissue and increase circulation within your skin. This helps to cleanse, get rid of toxins and nourish the skin so that it remains soft and supple. It can also help to ease muscular pain or that caused by arthritis. It encourages your skin to self heal and removes impurities. As a result your skin is better able to absorb moisture and nutrients. It tends to be smoother and more toned.
The use of heat is believed to be very good for relaxing and to have healing properties. In a bath, it's particularly good for easing sore muscles and joints caused by overexertion or rheumatism. It's a remarkably relaxing and enjoyable way to bathe.